2. A ball is out of bounds when it is:
a) Beyond any fence, hedge or ditch defining the boundary of the course.
b) On or over the road to the right of the 6th or 7th holes and to the left of the 10th and 11th holes.
c) Over all Driving Range fencing, on any practice putting area and all car parks.
d) Beyond the white stakes to the left of the 13th hole and at the rear of the 18th putting green.
3. Penalty Areas (Rule 17)
a) Penalty areas are defined by yellow or red stakes.
b) Stakes defining the margins of the penalty areas are obstructions and are part of the penalty area.
c) The part of a bridge that crosses a penalty area is in the penalty area.
d) If a ball is in the penalty area at the back of the 8th putting green, adjacent to the 14th putting area or behind the 17th putting green, including when it is known or virtually certain that a ball that has not been found came to rest in the penalty area, the player has these relief options, each for one penalty stroke:
Take relief under Rule 17.1, or As an extra option, drop the original ball or another ball in the dropping zone nearest to the point where it last crossed the ma
4. Abnormal Course Conditions (including Immovable Obstructions) (Rule 16)
a) Ground under repair is defined by any area encircled by a white line.
b) Areas in bunkers where sand has been removed by the movement of water resulting in deep furrows through the sand are ground under repair.
c) All artificial roads, artificial paths and any other artificial obstructions e.g. Driving Range fencing, seats, distance markers, fixed sprinkler heads and the fog marker post are immovable obstructions. Relief without penalty for interference with stance or swing (not line of play) under Rule 16.1. Stones in lakes are also immovable obstructions.
d) In addition, if a ball lies in the general area and an immovable obstruction on or within two club-lengths of the putting area and within two club-lengths of the ball intervenes on the line of play between the ball and the hole, the player may take relief without penalty as follows: The ball must be lifted and dropped at the nearest point to where the ball lay that (a) is not nearer the hole, (b) avoids intervention and (c) is not in a penalty area or on a putting area.
e) All bridges and wooden sleepers are integral objects and a ball lying on or against such must be played as it lies, or relief taken under penalty.
f) Penalty area posts are movable obstructions and may be moved if they interfere with stroke, stance or line of play.
g) Cracks in the ground in parts of the general area cut to fairway height or less are ground under repair. The player may take free relief under Rule 16.1b.
h) If a player’s ball is in the general area or putting area and there is interference from exposed tree roots, the tree roots are treated as ground under repair. The player may take free relief under Rule 16.1b.
Unless otherwise noted, the penalty for breach of a Local Rule is the General Penalty The following additional local rule applies when Winter Rules are in place.
5. Preferred Lies
When a player’s ball lies in a part of the general area cut to fairway height or less the player may take free relief once by placing the original ball or another ball in and playing it from this relief area:
a) Reference Point: Spot of the original ball.
b) Size of Relief Area Measured from Reference Point: 6 inches from the reference point, but with these limits:
c) Limits on Location of Relief Area: Must not be nearer the hole than the reference point, and Must be in the general area.
d) In proceeding under this Local Rule, the player must choose a spot to place the ball and use the procedures for replacing a ball under Rules 14.2b (2) and 14.2e.
Unless otherwise noted, the penalty for breach of a Local Rule is the General Penalty